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Dynamics of Human Anatomy

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  1. Terminology – anterior / front, posterior / back, medial / middle, lateral / opposite, superior / top. inferior / bottom, proximal / closer to the centre, distal / away from centre, deep / covered, superficial / visible, subcutaneous / just below the surface
  2. Skeleton – bone on the surface as landmark, skull, clavicles, spine (atlas, 7 cervical, 12 thoracic, 5 lumber, 2 tail bone), pelvic, anterior superior iliac spine (ASIS), Scapula, Posterior Superior Iliac Spine (PSIS), legs, femur, tibia, fibula, patella, arms, humerus / triangle at elbow, hands
  3. Synovial joints – shape, movement, hinge for flexion and extension(elbow), pivot (elbow), ball & socket (hip / shoulder), ellipsoid (wrist), saddle (thumb), plain (hand / foot)
  4. Head – Reilly method, front, side, three quarter
  5. Hands – construction, muscles/ligaments, bones and nerves
  6. Feet – construction, muscles/ligaments, bones and nerves
  7. Human figure proportions
    1. Human figure proportions – Robert Beverly Hale (11.5 cranial), foreshortening agnostic, dynamics of body, width from front, height from side
    2. Secondary human figure proportions – Richer (7.5 heads), Loomis (8 heads)
    3. Croquis – 9 heads proportions, face, neck, shoulder, chest, waist, pelvic, thigh, calf, ankle, feet, upper arms, fore arm, hands, female, male
  8. Torso
    1. Torso – rib cage, pelvic, tilt, lean, twist, foreshortening, front, back
    2. Torso front – pectoralis major, latissimus dorsi, serratus anterior, rectus abdominis
    3. Torso back – sternocleidomastoid, trapezius, deltoid, infraspinatus, teres minor teres major, rhomboideus major, latissimus dorsi, erector spinae, obliquus externus, scapula
  9. Arms – biceps brachii, triceps brachii, extensor capri radialis longus, anconeus
  10. Legs – construction, muscles/ligaments, bones and nerves
  11. Human figure types – male, female and kid
  12. Human figure structure – mannequinization, box, cylinder, oval
  13. Gesture – rhythm (flow / action / motion / movement), contours, longest axis, CSI lines, line of action, tense vs relaxes, directional flow
  14. Dynamics
    1. Croquis dynamics – front, side, three quarter and back pose
    2. Balance – gravity, point of contact on ground (single point, two points / line, three points / triangle, four points / quadrangle), weight on point of contacts, centre of support, weight on point and centre of support, centre of gravity, distribution of weight and wideness of base, balance is equal mass / weight on either side, weight distribution on legs and external support
    3. Dynamics – controlled fall or controlled loss of balance, muscle strength against gravity, dynamics of rib cage, pelvic and spine, contrapposto (stretch/squash, high/low, supporting/extended leg), activities, muscle tension
  15. Drapery
    1. Folds – pipe, zigzag, spiral, half lock, diaper, drop, moving, inert
    2. Dynamics of folds – compressed, stretched, twisted, environment, gravity, point of tension (1, 2, linear), shape underneath, support, motion and cloth type
    3. Pattern – texture
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