element of visual fine art

Elements of Visual Art

The elements of visual art are basic building block which are used to make a piece of artwork


Dot is the small spot that is usually circular in shape.


Line is the path traced by the movement of a single point. It can be dotted, wavy, straight, spiral,
fat or thin, zigzag, curvy, vertical, horizontal, diagonal, parallel, angles and perpendicular.


A shape is a closed line which has height and width. Circle, triangle, square and
organic shapes are example of 2D shapes.


Three-dimensional geometrical figure, which has height, width and depth is know as from, such as
sphere, Cube, Cone, Cylinder and Composite Shape.


Primary colours are Red, Yellow and Blue, Secondary is combination of primary colour such as Orange,
Violet and Green. Tertiary is combination of primary and secondary colour such as Yellow-Orange,
Red-Orange, Red-Violet, Blue-Violet, Blue-Green and Yellow-Green. Compound colours are mix of above 3
types of colour. Hue is all 12 colours. Saturation is purity and brightness of a colour.
Value is tint, shade and tone of a colour. Property of colour such as cold (Green and Blue etc.) and
warm colour (Red and Yellow etc.). Harmony such as complementary, monochromatic, analogous, triad,
split complementary and tetradic colour.


Value is the lightness or darkness of tones or colours. White is the lightest value; black is the
darkest. The value halfway between these extremes is known as Gray. Tint can be created with White.
Shade can be created with Black. Tone can be created with Black and White i.e. Grey.


Deals with utilization of space on the defined area of art work.


Texture is typical pattern, which reflect the surface of an art object.

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About Author

Artist Surinder Shanker Anand

I live in Chandigarh – the City Beautiful, situated in Northern India at Shivalik foothills. Since childhood, I was blessed with innate artistic abilities. My artistic expressions are engaged with the subjects related to humans portrait and body dynamics, nature and spirituality. I like to sketch using pencil, charcoal, watercolor, acrylic, pastel, oil, mixed media and digital tool such as Wacom Cintiq Pen/Tablet, CorelPainter, CorelDraw, Adobe Photoshop, After Effects, Adobe Premier, 3Ds Max and ZBrush etc. to create digital artwork. Passion in visual arts lead me to start Shanky Studio, offering a wide range visual arts services such as personalized portraits, customized paintings, graphic design and one-to-one visual arts classes for the students aspiring for various design courses such as NID and NIFT. I have conducted visual arts & craft workshops for Elante Mall and The North Country Mall / VR Punjab and various schools in and around Chandigarh. Some of the activities were directly conducted by me for Marvel Worldwide Inc., Mattel Inc. (Barbie), Rovio Entertainment Ltd. (Angry Birds), Hamleys Toy, Hasbro Inc. (My Little Pony) and Cartoon Network (Dexter’s Laboratory). Shanky Studio is also engaged in various CSR activities such as such as free visual art class, visual art exhibition at no-profit and no-loss basis and free sessions design career counseling. By profession, I am software professional, having over 35 years of experience in the IT, primarily in Analysis/Design, Software Development, Delivery, Project Management and rest of the phases of SDLC. I have worked at on-site with American Express (TX, USA), Nekema Inc (NJ, USA), Premier Inc (NC, USA), Syntel Inc (MI, USA), Ranbaxy Laboratories Ltd (Mohali, India) and Semiconductor Complex Ltd (Mohali, India); and managed various on-site/off-shore Global IT projects. I am Masters in Economics from Panjab University, Chandigarh, India, with Post Graduate Diploma in Business Management.